Adjective is a word and it qualifies a noun. It gives more information about the noun. eg. The lion is a strong animal. Rita is a beautiful girl.
Adjectives are of three degrees. (1) Positive (2) Comparative (3) Superlative
The Positive degree denotes the mere existence of quality.
eg. David is a rich man.
The Comparative degree is used to compare two persons or things having the same quality.
eg. Cancel is more dreadfulthan cholera.
The Superlative degree is used when more than two persons or things are compared. It is singles one from all the rest.
eg. Mount Everest is the highestpeak in the world.
Study the following models.
Very few boys in the class are as tall as John.
John is taller than any other boys in the class.
John is the tallest boy in the class.
John is taller than most other boys in the class.
John is one of the tallest boy in the class.
Adjective and Adverbs have three degrees, Positive, Comparative and Superlative.
Positive Degree :
The Pasitive Degree is used to denote the mere existence of quality.
The Positive Degree of an adjective in comparison is the adjective in its simple form. It is used to denote the mere existence of some quality of what we speak about. It is used when no comparison is made.
It is a tall building.
Apple is sweet to taste.
The Comparative Degree is used to compare the qualities of two persons or things.
The Comparative Degree denotes the existence of a higher degree of the quality than the positive. It is used when two things (or two sets of things) are compared.
This building is taller than any other building.
Apple is sweeter than pear.
The Superlative Degree denotes the existence of the highest degree of the quality. It is used when more than two things are compared.
This is the tallest building.
Apple is the sweetest fruit.
The Superlative Degree is used when more than two nouns or things are compared.
Johnsy is kind (Positive Degree)
Johnsy is kinder than Rosy (Comparative Degree)
Johnsy is the kindest of all (Superlative Degree)
List of Degrees of Comparison
By adding ‘er’ and ‘est’
By adding ‘r’ and ‘st’
By deleting the final ‘y’ and adding ‘ier’ and ‘iest’
By doubling the final consonats
By using more and most
Changes of Degrees of Comparison
Comparison between two things.
Johnsy is as clever as Rosy
Rosy is not clever than Johnsy
Benjamin is atleast as tall as Jane
Jane is not taller than Benjamin
Lazar is brighter than Stalin
Stalin is not so bright as Lazar
Model-3 : (the + Superlative)
Akthar is the richest man in Kanpur
Akthar is richer than any other man in Kanpur
No other man in Kanpur is so rich as Akthar
Model-4 : (one of the + Superlative)
London is one of the biggest city in England
London is bigger than most other city in England
Very few cities in England are so big as London
Model-5 : (Superlative + of all)
Sheakespear is the greatest of all dramatists
Shakespeare is greater than all other dramatists
No other dramatist is so great as Shakespeare
Model-6 : (By using “Less ... than”)
Lazar is as strong as Lenin
Lenin is not less strong than Lazar
Model-7 : (By using “least”)
Some boys in our class are at least as intelligent as Benjamin
Some boys in our class are not intelligent than Benjamin
Benjamin is not the most intelligent boy in our class
Degrees of Comparison More Examples:
I. Here more than two persons or things or places are compared. Matchless comparison comes in this type.
Iron is the most useful of all metals.
Iron is more useful than any other metal.
No other metal is so useful as iron.
Tom is the cleverest of all boys in the class.
Tom is cleverer than any other boy in the class.
No other boy in the class is so clever as Tom.
Rain water is the purest water.
Rain water is purer than any other water.
No other water is so pure as rain water.
II. Here more than two persons or things or places are compared. Generally this type is in plural form.
Paris is one of the busiest cities in England.
Paris is busier than most other cities in England.
Very few cities in England are as busy as Paris.
Very few animals are as fast as cheetah.
Cheetah is faster than most other animals.
Cheetah is one of the fastest animals.
Food ball is one of the most interesting games.
Foot ball is more interesting than most other games.
Very few games are as interesting as foot ball.
III. Here only two persons or things or places are compared. For this type there is no Superlative form
Paris is hotter than England.
England is not so hot as Paris.
John is as tall as David.
David is not taller than John.
The Blue Mountain Express runs faster than the Green Express.
The Green Express does not run so fast as the Blue Mountain Express.
Complete the Sentences:
Give the other degrees as stated in the brackets :