Comparison can be made using the three forms of the adjective.
Adjective is a word and it qualifies a noun. It gives more information about the noun.
eg. The lion is a strong animal. Rita is a beautiful girl.
Adjectives are of three degrees. (1) Positive (2) Comparative (3) Superlative
Study the following models.
|Very few boys in the class are as tall as John.||John is taller than any other boys in the class.||John is the tallest boy in the class.|
|John is taller than most other boys in the class.||John is one of the tallest boy in the class.|
Adjective and Adverbs have three degrees, Positive, Comparative and Superlative.
The Pasitive Degree is used to denote the mere existence of quality.
The Positive Degree of an adjective in comparison is the adjective in its simple form. It is used to denote the mere existence of some quality of what we speak about. It is used when no comparison is made.
The Comparative Degree is used to compare the qualities of two persons or things.
The Comparative Degree denotes the existence of a higher degree of the quality than the positive. It is used when two things (or two sets of things) are compared.
The Superlative Degree denotes the existence of the highest degree of the quality. It is used when more than two things are compared.
The Superlative Degree is used when more than two nouns or things are compared.
|By adding ‘er’ and ‘est’|
|By adding ‘r’ and ‘st’|
|By deleting the final ‘y’ and adding ‘ier’ and ‘iest’|
|By doubling the final consonats|
|By using more and most|
|active||more active||most active|
|attractive||more attractive||most attractive|
|beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|brilliant||more brilliant||most brilliant|
|careful||more careful||most careful|
|courageous||more courageous||most courageous|
|cunning||more cunning||most cunning|
|difficult||more difficult||most difficult|
|famous||more famous||most famous|
|faithful||more faithful||most faithful|
|proper||more proper||most proper|
|popular||more popular||most popular|
|splendid||more splendid||most splendid|
Comparison between two things.
|Johnsy is as clever as Rosy||Rosy is not clever than Johnsy|
|Benjamin is atleast as tall as Jane||Jane is not taller than Benjamin|
|Lazar is brighter than Stalin||Stalin is not so bright as Lazar|
|Akthar is the richest man in Kanpur||Akthar is richer than any other man in Kanpur||No other man in Kanpur is so rich as Akthar|
|London is one of the biggest city in England||London is bigger than most other city in England||Very few cities in England are so big as London|
|Sheakespear is the greatest of all dramatists||Shakespeare is greater than all other dramatists||No other dramatist is so great as Shakespeare|
|Lazar is as strong as Lenin||Lenin is not less strong than Lazar|
|Some boys in our class are at least as intelligent as Benjamin||Some boys in our class are not intelligent than Benjamin||Benjamin is not the most intelligent boy in our class|
1. When we compare two objects, persons, qualities, degrees etc. tha tare some respects equal, we may use the comparion of equality. This is formed by the use of
as... adjective / adverb... as
eg. Your house is as large as mine.
2. When we compare unquals, we may use the comparative degree of the adjective or adverb with than
eg. His new book is more interesting than his earlier books
3. When the comparison is negative, we use
so... adjective / adverb... as
eg. Your house is not quite so large as mine.
4. In some adverbial clauses of comparison both subject and verb are dropped.
eg. He is more shy than (he is) unsocial.
Some people think more about their rights than (they do) about their duties.
5. In clauses of comparison introduced by than that ‘should’ is used.
eg. I am already to do the work myself rather than that you should have to do it.
6.Comparison and contrast are also expressed by the use of
eg. The sooner you start, the sooner you’ll finish.
The more he read, the less he understood.
|Iron is the most useful of all metals.||Iron is more useful than any other metal.||No other metal is so useful as iron.|
|Tom is the cleverest of all boys in the class.||Tom is cleverer than any other boy in the class.||No other boy in the class is so clever as Tom.|
|Rain water is the purest water.||Rain water is purer than any other water.||No other water is so pure as rain water.|
|Paris is one of the busiest cities in England.||Paris is busier than most other cities in England.||Very few cities in England are as busy as Paris.|
|Very few animals are as fast as cheetah.||Cheetah is faster than most other animals.||Cheetah is one of the fastest animals.|
|Food ball is one of the most interesting games.||Foot ball is more interesting than most other games.||Very few games are as interesting as foot ball.|
|Paris is hotter than England.||England is not so hot as Paris.|
|John is as tall as David.||David is not taller than John.|
|The Blue Mountain Express runs faster than the Green Express.||The Green Express does not run so fast as the Blue Mountain Express.|