Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences :
A clause is a group of words having Subject and Predicate.
A Main Clause is a clause that stands alone and gives a complete meaning.
A Subordinate Clause must have any one of the following Subordinating Conjuctions :
Subordinating Conjuctions :
before, after, till, untill, when, where, which, who, whom, why, what, that, since, as, because, if, unless, as if, as though, although, even though, as well as, as soon as, so that, on condition that, provided that etc.
Co-ordinating Conjuctions :
and, or, but, so, yet, either...or, neither...nor, ner, not only...but also, both...and, still, else.
A phrase is a group of words which has some meaning. But it does not make complete sense by itself. It contains no finite verb. But it may contain an infinitive or a participle.
There are three kinds of sentences : simple, complex and compound.
18 Rules :
|Before||Before||and before that|
|About||That||and about it|
|Till, untill||Till, untill||And till then|
|During the period (time) of||While||and during that period (time)|
|Incase of / In the event of||If provided / provided that / should / were / supposing||And such a case / And in such and event|
|In case of ... not||Unless||Must / else / or / otherwise|
|The manner of / The way of / The method of||How||And I know the method|
|Soon after / Immedicately after / Instantaneously after||As soon as / no sooner than||And immediately / and afterwards / and at once|
|For fear of||lest||And for that fear|
|The place of||where||And its place|
|The reason of / The cause||why||And + cause|
|Inspite of / Despite / on account of / not withstanding to||Though, Although / Eventhough / not withstanding that||But / yet / still / how ever / all the same / never the less|
|owing to / on account of / due to / because of||As, because since / for||And so / And therefore|
|During the whole length of / time of||As long as / so long as||And / during the length of time|
|Ever since||Ever since||And since then|
|Besides||As well as||Not only then... but also|
|Being tired, he went to bed.||As he was tired, he went to bed.||He was tired. He went to bed.|
|Having finished his work, he returned home.||After he had finished his work, he returned home.||He had finished his work. He returned home.|
|I saw a girl wiht blue eyes.||I saw a girl who had blue eyes.||I saw a girl. She had blue eyes.|
In spite of, despite, not withstanding. - Simple
Though, although - Complex.
Although it rained a lot, they enjoyed themselves. (Complex)
In spite of or Despite the rain, they enjoyed themselves. (Simple)
on account of, because of, in consequence of, owing to. - Simple.
As, Since, Because - Complex.
In case of, in the event of. - Simple.
If, Unless. - Complex
too...to. - Simple.
So...that...not. - Complex
The food was very hot. We could not eat it. (Compound)
The food was so hot that we could not eat it. (Simple)
The food was too hot to eat. (Complex)